Hyperpigmentation Treatment Specialist Q&A
If you have age spots, sun spots or another form of hyperpigmentation, visit the professionals at Coral Springs Med Spa. For more information, call us or schedule an appointment online.
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Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of the skin as a result of a pigment-producing condition, such as melasma, chloasma or post-inflammatory pigmentation. Unlike normal pigmentation, which produces a tan or brown color, hyperpigmentation produces a darker skin tone. It is most noticeable on areas of the body with lots of exposed skin, such as the face, hands and arms. Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that can appear as age spots, melasma, sun spots, dark patches, birthmarks, freckles and other discolorations.
Hyperpigmentation is a common condition and, fortunately, there are a number of effective treatments to ameliorate these concerns. These include:
Chemical Peels: A chemical peel uses acids at stronger concentrations to treat a wide range of skin conditions, including hyperpigmentation. They reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation by removing the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin), although deeper versions may also penetrate the middle layer of the skin (dermis) to produce more dramatic results.
Skin Resurfacing: Skin resurfacing uses laser technology to target areas of hyperpigmentation and promote a more even complexion. The lasers used in skin resurfacing can be either ablative (removing layers of the skin), or non-ablative (targeting the dermis to promote collagen production).
Microneedling: Using a needle instrument to create microscopic, controlled superficial punctures into the skin, microneedling can help with hyperpigmentation. The needles create micro-injuries to the skin, which induces the body’s natural healing response, causing the pigment below the skin’s surface to break up.
There are a number of different causes of hyperpigmentation, including medical conditions as well as lifestyle factors. Common causes include:
Medications: Specific medications can cause hyperpigmentation, including: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics, anticonvulsants, antipsychotics and antiarrhythmics.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) refers to the darkening of the skin following a skin injury; this may be caused by a variety of skin disorders, such as: acne; atopic dermatitis; psoriasis; burns; irritants; allergic reactions; or insect bites.
Sun Exposure: The sun is by far the most common cause of hyperpigmentation; it can lead to solar lentigos, (sun spots, liver spots or age spots) from prolonged exposure to the sun’s damaging UV rays.
Medical conditions that cause hyperpigmentation include:
Addison’s Disease: Addison’s disease is a rare disorder in which the body is unable to produce adequate amounts of two critical hormones, cortisol and aldosterone; this causes the pituitary gland to overcompensate and make more melanocyte-stimulating hormones (MSHs). This overstimulation can result in a darkening of the skin due to an increase in melanin production.
Melasma: Melasma is an inherited condition that, due to the greater presence of melanocytes, is more common among women of color. When elevated levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone stimulate melanin overproduction, this skin condition develops. When unprotected skin is exposed to the sun, the resulting hyperpigmentation can worsen.
Most cases of hyperpigmentation are treatable with the right skincare routine and treatment plan. There are a number of treatments and procedures that are highly effective in minimizing hyperpigmentation, and can even eliminate the condition completely.
Hyperpigmentation is often diagnosed during a physical examination performed by a qualified skincare specialist. The skincare specialist can implement a number of different modalities to treat hyperpigmentation, including chemical peels, skin resurfacing and microneedling.
Call us today to book an appointment with our hyperpigmentation treatment specialist, or visit our clinic conveniently located at 993 North University Drive, Coral Springs, FL 33071. We look forward to serving you! We serve patients from Coral Springs FL, Coconut Creek FL, Margate FL, Tamarac FL, and Parkland FL.
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